Poppel Facies

The information on this page is a summary description.
The full formal description is available here: Poppel Facies

Abbreviation Po
Parent unit
Child units
Lithological description The Poppel sand has been described in a flushed borehole Weelde (BGD 008E0133; DOV kb8d8e-B26) by Laga & Notebaert (1981). An interval of 31 m between 102 and 133 m deep is described as poorly glauconitic fine clayey and also carbonate containing homogeneous sand. This sand interval has a characteristic gamma-ray profile: a cyclic evolution with a middle very low gamma-ray signal; the resistivity values increase upwards but above the middle part of the interval resistivities remain high in two lobes. (Figure 36 1). The stratigraphic interpretation is unsure. Laga & Notebaert (1981) have opted to consider the sand as a glauconite poor part of the underlying Diest Formation. The sand above was interpreted by these authors as the Kattendijk Formation. However on regional profiles drawn in the mid and late 1970s by Laga for the Groundwater Commission of the Province of Antwerp (Archives of the Geological Survey of Belgium), the Poppel Facies obviously is not yet indicated as it was not yet described, but on the profiles PGL/76/106/3 (Poppel-Ravels-Turnhout) and PGL 76/106/2 (Poppel-Ravels-Dessel) (Laga, 1976), this Poppel Facies would geometrically have been included in about 45 m of fine glauconitic sand interpreted as Kasterlee Formation sand below the Lillo Formation with shell debris and overlying the Diest Formation (Vandenberghe et al. , 2020 figs 7a&b). Nevertheless, the presence of carbonates in the sand is not in line with either the classical Kasterlee Formation or the Diest Formation. Another complicating factor is that the geometrical relay of Kattendijk Sand in the west by Kasterlee Sand in the east is shown to occur in the Weelde area on profile PGL/74/105 (Laga, 1976). Given the carbonate content of the Poppel Facies a lateral correlation of this unit with the carbonate containing Kattendijk Formation is plausible. Based on log correlations between Belgium and the Netherlands in the northwestern Campine area (Vernes et al., 2023), the Poppel Facies may be correlated with the Goirle Member of the Oosterhout Formation (see Fig. 35.2). The overlying Kattendijk Formation is the lateral equivalent of the Tilburg Member of the Oosterhout Formation, while the underlying Diest Formation can be correlated with the Diessen Formation. Based on this correlation, a position of the Poppel Facies as a basal unit of the Kattendijk Formation in the Voorkempen area may be proposed. More data are required before the interval can be given its definitive stratigraphic position.
Age The Poppel Facies has a late Miocene to early Pliocene age, based on its stratigraphic position in between the underlying Diest Formation and overlying Kattendijk Formation.
Thickness A thickness of 31 m is interpreted in the Weelde borehole (BGD 008E0133).
Area of occurrence Although the Poppel Facies was only described in the Weelde (BGD 008E0133) borehole, a more recent drilling at Weelde-vlieghaven (DOV kb8d8e-B161) shows a comparable borehole log interval but no further analyses in the interval of concern are available.
Type locality The borehole Weelde (BGD 008E0133; DOV kb8d8e-B26) between 102-133 m.
Alternative names
Authors Verhaegen, J., Vandenberghe, N. & Walstra, J.
Date 01/09/2023
Cite as Verhaegen, J., Vandenberghe, N. & Walstra, J., 2023. The Poppel Facies, 01/09/2023. National Commission for Stratigraphy Belgium. http://ncs.naturalsciences.be/lithostratigraphy/Poppel-Facies
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